NEW SCIENTIFIC PARADIGM.
The Subtle World.
The equations of the theory
of physical vacuum propose us to look at 3 levels unifying
the structural concept of our existence: Solid Matter, Subtle
World and the Prime World (World of Higher Reality). The Prime
World, in its turn, could be divided into three levels: Absolute
Nothing, Prime Vacuum and Vacuum (see fig.15 ).
Fig. 15. The basic levels
of a reality in the theory of physical vacuum. Absolute "Nothing"
is described by identity of a kind 00.From the point of view
of a modern science (within the framework of binary logic
"yes" and "no") this identity is empty,
as soon as it does not allow to define the Absolute “Nothing”
as something concrete. Nevertheless, this level of reality
founds the levels of prime vacuum and vacuum. We came to such
conclusion because the level of Absolute "Nothing"
has got the maximum stability. In reality, the
vacuum level is described by a system of the equations, which
could be transferred into the equations of the prime vacuum,
when Riemann's curvature is converted to zero (see fig. 13
ß). This transition allowes to perform the conformed
transformations of coordinates, changing the Riemann's curvature
of space. In its turn, the equations describing the prime
vacuum, again with the help of the conform transformations,
are converted to the identity 0?0, i.e. to Absolute "Nothing".
Within the formal logic this state has got the maximum stability.
The reversed transformations
from the identity towards the level of Prime Pacuum requires
the additional assumptions concerning the possibilities of
the Absolute "Nothing". The only possible explanation
of the backwards transformation may serve such qualities of
the Absolute "Nothing ", as Super-consciousness
having the qualities of the Infinite Creative Abilities.
Absolute "Nothing" creates the plan of the Prime
Vacuum and the plan of Vacuum.
of Prime Vacuum represents some prime matrix, according to
which the prime torsion field is to be created. According
to its properties prime torsion field differs from ordinary
matter in a way, that does not curve the space, i.e. does
not participate in field interactions, that is why the torsion
field, originated from the prime vacuum, forms the subtle
The plan of vacuum contains the information, according to
which matter has to be created out of vacuum with the help
of field interactions. This information is contained in the
equations of vacuum in the form of the physical laws, establishing
the relationships between solid objects.
The vacuum and prime vacuum equations are arranged in such
a way, that they do not contain any concrete physical constants.
The emptiness can not be characterized by anything concrete.
Moreover the equations themselves have got the character of
the identities, as soon as they satisfy any set of the required
variables. Any kind of subtle and solid matter are to be admitted
After the Absolute "Nothing"
there were created: the plans of the Prime Vacuum, Vacuum,
then - out of the Prime Vacuum - the Subtle World was born.
The Suble World was represented by the prime torsion fields.
The analysis of the equations of the prime torsion fields
shows, that the tensor of the energy - impulse of these fields
is equal to zero, though the fields themselves differ from
zero. The fields with zero tensor of the energy - impulse
do not curve the space though they carry the information only
about the rotational properties of the subtle matter. Generally
the rotational information can change value and direction
of rotation of its own angular momentum of material objects without changing the trajectory of their center of
Fig. 16. Phyton model
of primary physical vacuum proposed by A. Akimov
a. Phyton (compensated). B. right spin C. left spin
Based upon the analysis
of experimental data A. Akimov has proposed a model of prime
physical vacuum (see fig.16): as phytons which represent the
compensated right - left prime vortexes, that fill up all
the prime vacuum. Spontaneously or under the external effect
the phytons are split into to the right and left oriented
prime spins, causing the spin polarization of vacuum. The
solution of the equations of the prime vacuum shows, that
in the nature there are objects, which do not have neither
mass nor charge, but the spin.Due to the absence of the potential
interaction energy, these objects had got the significant
Neurtrino is well
known in the modern physics as the particle with the spin
only, similar to the torsion field. The high penetrating ability
of neutrino was experimentally proven. It is known, that neutrino
can pass through the Earth without interaction. The difference
of neutrino from the prime torsion field is that neutrino
represents a variety of a secondary torsion field, that is
created by the matter with mass, charges etc. It is assumed,
that neutrino has got energy, although it is not clearly established,
what kind of energy, real or imaginary. If to assume, that
energy of neutrino is imaginary (there are experiments indicating
it), then the speed of neutrino should exceed the velocity
of light. Meanwhile the less imaginary energy of neutrino
is, the larger is its velocity. Within the limit, when the
imaginary energy will be converted into zero (at an impulse,
differing from zero,) the speed of neutrino could aim at infinity.
torsion field has got the energy and impulse equal to zero
at the very beginning, that is why it would be meaningless
to speak about the velocity of distribution of this field.
If such field manifests, it has to cover all the space simultaneously.
It (such field) must be always everywhere at once!
The ability of the geometric surfaces (independently of their
material content) to polarize vacuum according to their spin
was experimentally discovered. For instance, it is sufficient
to place a cone into vacuum to cause the vaccum polarization,
represented in a fig. 17.
Fig. 17. Spin polarization of
Prime Vacuum created by a cone. The dashed lines designate
the diagrams of an orientation of the static torsion fields
Above the cone there is a right static torsion
field S2. Inside the cone and below its basement the left
field S1 is formed. In the points a and b, dividing the height
of the cone h onto three equal parts, we will observe the
increased field intensity. The property of the geometrical
surfaces to cause the torsion polarization of vacuum is called
the effect of the forms (comp. Feng Shui). Moreover, there
are various devices and methods using the effect of the forms,
that are patented in various countries.
The presence of the prime torsion
fields in space makes the structure of physical vacuum unstable,
causing the creation of the elementary particles (the simplest
representatives of the material world) out of vacuum. This
world forms all kinds of the matter, that has got energy.
There are four levels of Reality: a solid body, liquid, gas
and the elementary particles (see fig. 15).
The modern physics is engaged in research of
the material world. At school, institutes or universities
the general physics usually begins the studies from the Newton
mechanics, that describes the laws of the motion of the
solid bodies. Then it consequently studies the liquids,
gases and, at last, the elementary particles.
It is assumed, that the theory of the elementary
particles represents the front edge of the modern physics.
Thus the huge financial and intellectual resourses are directed
to solve the problems of the theory of the elementary particles.
However until now this theory had been far from the target.
There are quite a number of proposed and improved models,
that had been searching to be related to the experimental
There are a lot of popular scientific researches dedicated
to the description of the material world. That is why we should
not repeat them, and directly proceed to the description of
the fundamental issues of the new theory.
is the space of events
arranged into the theory of physical vacuum
study the space of events of the theory of physical vacuum
with structure of Weitzenbock's geometry. This space forms
a manifold of the relative coordinates of the arbitrary accelerated
(considering the rotation) reference frames, and its application
of the physics results in unification of a rotational and
The space has got ten dimensions,
that form four translational coordinates x, y, z, x0 = ct
and six rotational coordinates. Why ten coordinates? The answer
is simple: the arbitrary accelerated reference frame, formed
by four orthogonal vectors, has got ten degrees of freedom
and, hence, should be described by ten coordinates.
The space of events of
the theory of physical vacuum is not only curved but also
twisted. What does it mean the curvature(twist) of space?
Let's imagine half of length of a circle and draw an axis
of rotation through the ends of this curved line. Let's rotate
this curved line (see fig. 18). As a result the curved line
will sweep up two-dimensional surface, forming a sphere. The
surface of the sphere represents two-dimensional curved space.
In case if we draw the parallel lines upon the surface of
the sphere √ meridians - they will be crossed on the poles.
Let's remind, that in flat geometries, for example, in Euclidean
geometry, parallel lines not cross, as long as we may continue
Fig. 18. Rotation
of the half of length of the circle around of the axis, passing
through the diameter, sweeps up the two-dimensional sphere
in the space. The surface of the sphere represents two-dimensional
How can we imagine
and visualize the twisted space? Let us take the paper tape
(see fig. 19) Fix one end of the tape, and another we shall
twist around. As a result we shall get the braided tape. Let
us direct the width of the tape to zero, then within the limit
we shall get the braided line.
How can we imagine and visualize
the twisted space? Let us take the paper tape (see fig. 19)
Fix one end of the tape, and another we shall twist around.
As a result we shall get the braided tape. Let us direct the
width of the tape to zero, then within the limit we shall
get the braided line.
Fig19. The twirled paper tape
within the limit, when its width is aimed at zero, turns into
the twisted line.
The single vector attached
to some point of this line, will rotate in the process of
motion of the vector along the line. Now if to take the twisted
hemisphere in a fig. 18 and to begin rotation around the diameter,
we shall receive a sphere, the surface of which will be not
only curved, but also twisted. The trajectories of the particles
upon such surface should correspond to the movement in a certain
energy field with the rotation around their own axis (i.e.
with the "classic" spin). This is an example of
the two-dimensional (along their translational coordinates)
curved and twisted space. Meanwhile the space of the theory
of physical vacuum (along the translational coordinates) is
If to take into consideration the translational coordinates
only, then in the special Einstein's relativity theory and
general elecrodynamics relativity the space of the events,
that is accessible to the observer, is inside and upon a surface
of a light cone of the future (see fig. 20).
After creation of model of the electron-positron vacuum, Dirac
has offered to consider positron as electron, which moves
against the clock (against the time), i.e. to the past. Subsequently
all antiparticles began to be assumed as their corresponding
particles, moving against the time. That is why in the quantum
field theory, on the micro-level the space of events includes
(in addition to a cone of the future) a cone of the past.
In the theory of physical vacuum all areas
of space of events are allowed (see fig. 20). That follows
from the two theoretical conclusions of the new theory.
Fig.20. Various areas of space
I - space of the special and general relativity theory; I
+ II - same in quantum field theory;
I + II + III - theory of physical vacuum
Fig.21. The triplet character
of the solutions of the equations of physical vacuum.
The speed of the solutions: V1 -bradion; c -luxon; V2 - tahion
,First, the solutions of the vacuum equations are of triplet
character. Each solution describes the same object, however
this object may manifest itself as bradion (a particle, that
moves with the velocity less then the velocity of light) or
as luxon (a particle, that moves with the velocity of light)
or as tahion (a particle, that exceeds the velocity of light).(see
From the special relativity theory it is known, that tahions
have got the imaginary energy and, hence, the imaginary mass:
m= I Ec2. Is known as well, that the theorem, that states,
that the systems consisting of set of positive and imaginary
masses, can have negative mass.
Second, the conservation law (during the creation of positive
masses from vacuum) requires simultaneous creation of negative
masses. The negative masses create negative energy: E= - mc2,
and negative energies correspond to the particles, that move
against the clock (inside and upon the surface of the cone
of the past).
Now let's investigate the properties of Weitzenbock-
Weil's space √ the structure of which has got by manifold
of the relative coordinates of the conform reference frames
(see fig. 14). Such space has 15 coordinates. Five additional
coordinates include: a) four special conform coordinates ,
describing the composition of the inversion, translation and
secondary invertion; b) the fifth coordinate corresponds to
the properties of the conform extensions.
The remarkable property of space of Weitzenbock-Weil happened
to be the equality of the indefinitely distanced dots with
all other dots of the space. Thus a very important conclusion
in physics is following - the creation of any objects from
vacuum is substantially non-local process due to the participation
of the indefinitely remoted dots of space.
What is born from physical vacuum?
The modern physics answers
this question as follows. The pairs of particles are born
out of vacuum. Each pair represents a particle and antiparticle:
for example, electron and positron. In the theory of physical
vacuum the creation of a Subtle Matter begins from a level
of Primary Vacuum. The stratification of Primary Vacuum occurs
according to the spin (see fig. 16), as a results the right
and left primary torsion fields are manifested. These fields
cover all the space and act as some kind of catalysts, causing
the creation of matter (material world) from the vacuum level.
As soon as the primary vacuum energy is equal to zero, then
the simultaneous creation of the right matter with the positive
mass m+ and left matter with negative mass m- takes place.
Therefore the universal conservation law always takes place.
The complete spectrum of particles, created in the theory
of vacuum, is represented in a fig. 22.
Upon the plane E/c - p (energy-
impulse), accepted in the special relativity theory, six classes
of particles are reflected , that are created from the physical
1. Particles with the positive
mass of rest and positive energy (right matter)
Examples of such particles
are electrons, protons, neutrons, etc.
2. Particles with negative mass
of rest and negative energy (left matter)
The antiparticles, related
to the left matter, are as follows: positrons, antiprotons,
3. Particlse with zero mass
of rest and positive energy (right matter)
Such particle is photon.
4. Particle with zero mass of
rest and negative energy (left matter)
This particle should be created
from vacuum simultaneously with photon.
|5. Particles with imaginary mass of rest and imaginary
energy having a positive sign before imaginary unit (the right
A kind of torsion fields- tahion.
6. Particles with imaginary
mass of rest and imaginary energy having a negative sign before
imaginary unit (the right matter)
The torsion field accompanying
the creation of a particle 5 from vacuum - antitahion.
In such creative processes the
six concervation laws have to be observed simultaneously:
of mass , charge, spin, barion number (left part, lower at
the letter foot), lepton number (designations are not introduced)
The absence of negative mass
clusters, that we could observe in the Universe, is explained
by the fact that the negative masses are rejected from each
other, forming a uniform background of density
This density is so insignificant, that almost does not influence
the laboratory experiments. But in scales of galaxies their
influence can be substantial.
equations of physical vacuum.
The structural equations of
the Weitzenbock-Weil or Weitzenbock's geometry (depending
the upon the considered physical situation) were used as the
equations of physical vacuum in the theory. It As it is clear
from their name, the structural equations describe the structure
of geometry, i.e. its basic geometrical properties. In case
of Weitzenbock's space there are the following equations
24 equations (A) and 20 equations
The equations (A) represent
definition of the Ricci's rotation of Weitzenbock's geometry,
and the equations (B) establish the connection between Riemann's
curvature and rotation of Ricci (remember, in the world
there is nothing occurs, except for the change of curvature
and rotation of space).
This property of the vacuum
equations is explained by the fact that vacuum can not be
characterized by any concrete physical parameters.
The equations of vacuum (A) and (B) could be recorded in spinor
view, i.e. it is possible to replace their vector and tensor
values by the spinors of various kind.
Then the equations of vacuum were devided into system of the
equations (see fig. 23), including:
o Gaizenbock's geometrized the
o Einstein's geometrized (including the tensor of an energy
- impulse) equations (B 1);
o Yang-Mill geometrized equations (B 2).
The Geizenbock's equations were
proposed in middle of the nineteen fiftieth by Verner- Geizenbock
for the description of structure of the elementary particles.
Using nonlinear spinor equation with cubic non-linearity,
Geizenbock together with his employees has partially described
a spectrum of mass of elementary particles..
The geometrized Einstein's equations had introduced a solution
for the program - maximum ( geometrization of the matter fields
) and are establishing the unified field theory. They transferred
into the Einstei's equations or into the equations of the
general relative electrodynamics within the limit, when the
field source becomes stationary and has got the dot distribution
The equations of Yang-Mills
were proposed for the description of internal structure of
elementary particles. For this purpose besides the four dimensional
space of translational coordinates x, y, z, x0 = ct the physicists
did require to introduce a certain additional internal space.
In the equations of physical vacuum the role of such internal
space (layer) is perfomed by the six-dimensional manifold
The mathematical physics has
got methods, that allow to find those or another precise solutions
of the equations (A) and (B). Each such solution contains
the constant (or function) of integration, that obtains a
physical value after use of a principle of conformity.
The found solution describes
the exact curved and twisted space interpreted as vacuum excitation
(or a particle). Naturally any solution simultaniously satisfies
the sets of the equations (A), (B.1) and (B.2), i.e. geometrized
equations of Geisenbock, Einstein and Yang-Milles.
Fig.23 Dividing the vaccum equations
into the system of the known physical equations.