Homepage Company Profile Technologies News History Science Forum Team Contact Us

 

NEW SCIENTIFIC PARADIGM.
The Subtle World.

 

The equations of the theory of physical vacuum propose us to look at 3 levels unifying the structural concept of our existence: Solid Matter, Subtle World and the Prime World (World of Higher Reality). The Prime World, in its turn, could be divided into three levels: Absolute Nothing, Prime Vacuum and Vacuum (see fig.15 ).
 
Fig. 15. The basic levels of a reality in the theory of physical vacuum. Absolute "Nothing" is described by identity of a kind 00.From the point of view of a modern science (within the framework of binary logic "yes" and "no") this identity is empty, as soon as it does not allow to define the Absolute “Nothing” as something concrete. Nevertheless, this level of reality founds the levels of prime vacuum and vacuum. We came to such conclusion because the level of Absolute "Nothing" has got the maximum stability. In reality, the vacuum level is described by a system of the equations, which could be transferred into the equations of the prime vacuum, when Riemann's curvature is converted to zero (see fig. 13 ß). This transition allowes to perform the conformed transformations of coordinates, changing the Riemann's curvature of space. In its turn, the equations describing the prime vacuum, again with the help of the conform transformations, are converted to the identity 0?0, i.e. to Absolute "Nothing". Within the formal logic this state has got the maximum stability.
The reversed transformations from the identity towards the level of Prime Pacuum requires the additional assumptions concerning the possibilities of the Absolute "Nothing". The only possible explanation of the backwards transformation may serve such qualities of the Absolute "Nothing ", as Super-consciousness having the qualities of the Infinite Creative Abilities. Absolute "Nothing" creates the plan of the Prime Vacuum and the plan of Vacuum.
The plan of Prime Vacuum represents some prime matrix, according to which the prime torsion field is to be created. According to its properties prime torsion field differs from ordinary matter in a way, that does not curve the space, i.e. does not participate in field interactions, that is why the torsion field, originated from the prime vacuum, forms the subtle world.
The plan of vacuum contains the information, according to which matter has to be created out of vacuum with the help of field interactions. This information is contained in the equations of vacuum in the form of the physical laws, establishing the relationships between solid objects.
The vacuum and prime vacuum equations are arranged in such a way, that they do not contain any concrete physical constants. The emptiness can not be characterized by anything concrete. Moreover the equations themselves have got the character of the identities, as soon as they satisfy any set of the required variables. Any kind of subtle and solid matter are to be admitted

The subtle world.
After the Absolute "Nothing" there were created: the plans of the Prime Vacuum, Vacuum, then - out of the Prime Vacuum - the Subtle World was born. The Suble World was represented by the prime torsion fields. The analysis of the equations of the prime torsion fields shows, that the tensor of the energy - impulse of these fields is equal to zero, though the fields themselves differ from zero. The fields with zero tensor of the energy - impulse do not curve the space though they carry the information only about the rotational properties of the subtle matter. Generally the rotational information can change value and direction of rotation of its own angular momentum of material objects without changing the trajectory of their center of masses.
Fig. 16. Phyton model of primary physical vacuum proposed by A. Akimov
a. Phyton (compensated). B. right spin C. left spin

Based upon the analysis of experimental data A. Akimov has proposed a model of prime physical vacuum (see fig.16): as phytons which represent the compensated right - left prime vortexes, that fill up all the prime vacuum. Spontaneously or under the external effect the phytons are split into to the right and left oriented prime spins, causing the spin polarization of vacuum. The solution of the equations of the prime vacuum shows, that in the nature there are objects, which do not have neither mass nor charge, but the spin.Due to the absence of the potential interaction energy, these objects had got the significant penetrating ability
Neurtrino is well known in the modern physics as the particle with the spin only, similar to the torsion field. The high penetrating ability of neutrino was experimentally proven. It is known, that neutrino can pass through the Earth without interaction. The difference of neutrino from the prime torsion field is that neutrino represents a variety of a secondary torsion field, that is created by the matter with mass, charges etc. It is assumed, that neutrino has got energy, although it is not clearly established, what kind of energy, real or imaginary. If to assume, that energy of neutrino is imaginary (there are experiments indicating it), then the speed of neutrino should exceed the velocity of light. Meanwhile the less imaginary energy of neutrino is, the larger is its velocity. Within the limit, when the imaginary energy will be converted into zero (at an impulse, differing from zero,) the speed of neutrino could aim at infinity.

The prime torsion field has got the energy and impulse equal to zero at the very beginning, that is why it would be meaningless to speak about the velocity of distribution of this field. If such field manifests, it has to cover all the space simultaneously. It (such field) must be always everywhere at once!
The ability of the geometric surfaces (independently of their material content) to polarize vacuum according to their spin was experimentally discovered. For instance, it is sufficient to place a cone into vacuum to cause the vaccum polarization, represented in a fig. 17.

Fig. 17. Spin polarization of Prime Vacuum created by a cone. The dashed lines designate the diagrams of an orientation of the static torsion fields

Above the cone there is a right static torsion field S2. Inside the cone and below its basement the left field S1 is formed. In the points a and b, dividing the height of the cone h onto three equal parts, we will observe the increased field intensity. The property of the geometrical surfaces to cause the torsion polarization of vacuum is called the effect of the forms (comp. Feng Shui). Moreover, there are various devices and methods using the effect of the forms, that are patented in various countries.

The material world.

The presence of the prime torsion fields in space makes the structure of physical vacuum unstable, causing the creation of the elementary particles (the simplest representatives of the material world) out of vacuum. This world forms all kinds of the matter, that has got energy. There are four levels of Reality: a solid body, liquid, gas and the elementary particles (see fig. 15).

The modern physics is engaged in research of the material world. At school, institutes or universities the general physics usually begins the studies from the Newton mechanics, that describes the laws of the motion of the solid bodies. Then it consequently studies the liquids, gases and, at last, the elementary particles.

It is assumed, that the theory of the elementary particles represents the front edge of the modern physics. Thus the huge financial and intellectual resourses are directed to solve the problems of the theory of the elementary particles. However until now this theory had been far from the target. There are quite a number of proposed and improved models, that had been searching to be related to the experimental data.
There are a lot of popular scientific researches dedicated to the description of the material world. That is why we should not repeat them, and directly proceed to the description of the fundamental issues of the new theory.

How is the space of events
arranged into the theory of physical vacuum


Let's study the space of events of the theory of physical vacuum with structure of Weitzenbock's geometry. This space forms a manifold of the relative coordinates of the arbitrary accelerated (considering the rotation) reference frames, and its application of the physics results in unification of a rotational and general relativity.

The space has got ten dimensions, that form four translational coordinates x, y, z, x0 = ct and six rotational coordinates. Why ten coordinates? The answer is simple: the arbitrary accelerated reference frame, formed by four orthogonal vectors, has got ten degrees of freedom and, hence, should be described by ten coordinates.

The space of events of the theory of physical vacuum is not only curved but also twisted. What does it mean the curvature(twist) of space? Let's imagine half of length of a circle and draw an axis of rotation through the ends of this curved line. Let's rotate this curved line (see fig. 18). As a result the curved line will sweep up two-dimensional surface, forming a sphere. The surface of the sphere represents two-dimensional curved space. In case if we draw the parallel lines upon the surface of the sphere √ meridians - they will be crossed on the poles. Let's remind, that in flat geometries, for example, in Euclidean geometry, parallel lines not cross, as long as we may continue them.

Fig. 18. Rotation of the half of length of the circle around of the axis, passing through the diameter, sweeps up the two-dimensional sphere in the space. The surface of the sphere represents two-dimensional curved space
How can we imagine and visualize the twisted space? Let us take the paper tape (see fig. 19) Fix one end of the tape, and another we shall twist around. As a result we shall get the braided tape. Let us direct the width of the tape to zero, then within the limit we shall get the braided line.
How can we imagine and visualize the twisted space? Let us take the paper tape (see fig. 19) Fix one end of the tape, and another we shall twist around. As a result we shall get the braided tape. Let us direct the width of the tape to zero, then within the limit we shall get the braided line.
Fig19. The twirled paper tape within the limit, when its width is aimed at zero, turns into the twisted line.

The single vector attached to some point of this line, will rotate in the process of motion of the vector along the line. Now if to take the twisted hemisphere in a fig. 18 and to begin rotation around the diameter, we shall receive a sphere, the surface of which will be not only curved, but also twisted. The trajectories of the particles upon such surface should correspond to the movement in a certain energy field with the rotation around their own axis (i.e. with the "classic" spin). This is an example of the two-dimensional (along their translational coordinates) curved and twisted space. Meanwhile the space of the theory of physical vacuum (along the translational coordinates) is four- dimensional.
If to take into consideration the translational coordinates only, then in the special Einstein's relativity theory and general elecrodynamics relativity the space of the events, that is accessible to the observer, is inside and upon a surface of a light cone of the future (see fig. 20).
After creation of model of the electron-positron vacuum, Dirac has offered to consider positron as electron, which moves against the clock (against the time), i.e. to the past. Subsequently all antiparticles began to be assumed as their corresponding particles, moving against the time. That is why in the quantum field theory, on the micro-level the space of events includes (in addition to a cone of the future) a cone of the past.

In the theory of physical vacuum all areas of space of events are allowed (see fig. 20). That follows from the two theoretical conclusions of the new theory.

Fig.20. Various areas of space of events.
I - space of the special and general relativity theory; I + II - same in quantum field theory;
I + II + III - theory of physical vacuum

Fig.21. The triplet character of the solutions of the equations of physical vacuum.
The speed of the solutions: V1 -bradion; c -luxon; V2 - tahion ,First, the solutions of the vacuum equations are of triplet character. Each solution describes the same object, however this object may manifest itself as bradion (a particle, that moves with the velocity less then the velocity of light) or as luxon (a particle, that moves with the velocity of light) or as tahion (a particle, that exceeds the velocity of light).(see fig. 21).
From the special relativity theory it is known, that tahions have got the imaginary energy and, hence, the imaginary mass: m= I Ec2. Is known as well, that the theorem, that states, that the systems consisting of set of positive and imaginary masses, can have negative mass.
Second, the conservation law (during the creation of positive masses from vacuum) requires simultaneous creation of negative masses. The negative masses create negative energy: E= - mc2, and negative energies correspond to the particles, that move against the clock (inside and upon the surface of the cone of the past).

Now let's investigate the properties of Weitzenbock- Weil's space √ the structure of which has got by manifold of the relative coordinates of the conform reference frames (see fig. 14). Such space has 15 coordinates. Five additional coordinates include: a) four special conform coordinates , describing the composition of the inversion, translation and secondary invertion; b) the fifth coordinate corresponds to the properties of the conform extensions.
The remarkable property of space of Weitzenbock-Weil happened to be the equality of the indefinitely distanced dots with all other dots of the space. Thus a very important conclusion in physics is following - the creation of any objects from vacuum is substantially non-local process due to the participation of the indefinitely remoted dots of space.

What is born from physical vacuum?
The modern physics answers this question as follows. The pairs of particles are born out of vacuum. Each pair represents a particle and antiparticle: for example, electron and positron. In the theory of physical vacuum the creation of a Subtle Matter begins from a level of Primary Vacuum. The stratification of Primary Vacuum occurs according to the spin (see fig. 16), as a results the right and left primary torsion fields are manifested. These fields cover all the space and act as some kind of catalysts, causing the creation of matter (material world) from the vacuum level. As soon as the primary vacuum energy is equal to zero, then the simultaneous creation of the right matter with the positive mass m+ and left matter with negative mass m- takes place. Therefore the universal conservation law always takes place.
The complete spectrum of particles, created in the theory of vacuum, is represented in a fig. 22.
Upon the plane E/c - p (energy- impulse), accepted in the special relativity theory, six classes of particles are reflected , that are created from the physical vacuum:
1. Particles with the positive mass of rest and positive energy (right matter)

Examples of such particles are electrons, protons, neutrons, etc.
2. Particles with negative mass of rest and negative energy (left matter)
The antiparticles, related to the left matter, are as follows: positrons, antiprotons, etc.
3. Particlse with zero mass of rest and positive energy (right matter)
Such particle is photon.
4. Particle with zero mass of rest and negative energy (left matter)
This particle should be created from vacuum simultaneously with photon.
5. Particles with imaginary mass of rest and imaginary energy having a positive sign before imaginary unit (the right matter)
A kind of torsion fields- tahion.
6. Particles with imaginary mass of rest and imaginary energy having a negative sign before imaginary unit (the right matter)
The torsion field accompanying the creation of a particle 5 from vacuum - antitahion.
In such creative processes the six concervation laws have to be observed simultaneously: of mass , charge, spin, barion number (left part, lower at the letter foot), lepton number (designations are not introduced) and parity.
The absence of negative mass clusters, that we could observe in the Universe, is explained by the fact that the negative masses are rejected from each other, forming a uniform background of density

This density is so insignificant, that almost does not influence the laboratory experiments. But in scales of galaxies their influence can be substantial.
The equations of physical vacuum.
The structural equations of the Weitzenbock-Weil or Weitzenbock's geometry (depending the upon the considered physical situation) were used as the equations of physical vacuum in the theory. It As it is clear from their name, the structural equations describe the structure of geometry, i.e. its basic geometrical properties. In case of Weitzenbock's space there are the following equations
24 equations (A) and 20 equations (B).
The equations (A) represent definition of the Ricci's rotation of Weitzenbock's geometry, and the equations (B) establish the connection between Riemann's curvature and rotation of Ricci (remember, in the world there is nothing occurs, except for the change of curvature and rotation of space).
This property of the vacuum equations is explained by the fact that vacuum can not be characterized by any concrete physical parameters.
The equations of vacuum (A) and (B) could be recorded in spinor view, i.e. it is possible to replace their vector and tensor values by the spinors of various kind.
Then the equations of vacuum were devided into system of the equations (see fig. 23), including:

o Gaizenbock's geometrized the equations (A);
o Einstein's geometrized (including the tensor of an energy - impulse) equations (B 1);
o Yang-Mill geometrized equations (B 2).


The Geizenbock's equations were proposed in middle of the nineteen fiftieth by Verner- Geizenbock for the description of structure of the elementary particles. Using nonlinear spinor equation with cubic non-linearity, Geizenbock together with his employees has partially described a spectrum of mass of elementary particles..
The geometrized Einstein's equations had introduced a solution for the program - maximum ( geometrization of the matter fields ) and are establishing the unified field theory. They transferred into the Einstei's equations or into the equations of the general relative electrodynamics within the limit, when the field source becomes stationary and has got the dot distribution for density.

The equations of Yang-Mills were proposed for the description of internal structure of elementary particles. For this purpose besides the four dimensional space of translational coordinates x, y, z, x0 = ct the physicists did require to introduce a certain additional internal space. In the equations of physical vacuum the role of such internal space (layer) is perfomed by the six-dimensional manifold



The mathematical physics has got methods, that allow to find those or another precise solutions of the equations (A) and (B). Each such solution contains the constant (or function) of integration, that obtains a physical value after use of a principle of conformity.


The found solution describes the exact curved and twisted space interpreted as vacuum excitation (or a particle). Naturally any solution simultaniously satisfies the sets of the equations (A), (B.1) and (B.2), i.e. geometrized equations of Geisenbock, Einstein and Yang-Milles.
Fig.23 Dividing the vaccum equations into the system of the known physical equations.

-- Go to top of the page - Go to Home page --
© Copyright 2006-2009 www.shipov.com All rigths reserved.